Skip to main content
Version: 1.13

Creating a new Gatekeeper Rego policy

For this tutorial you'll implement the same policy that you wrote with Open Policy Agent. Namely, a policy that rejects a resource if it's targeting the default namespace.

note

There is a repository template that you can use as a base to port an existing policy.

Requirements

You need the following tools:

  • opa
  • kwctl

The policy

Gatekeeper policies must return none or more violation objects. If no violations are reported, the request is accepted. If one, or more violations are reported, the request is rejected.

Create a new folder, named rego-policy. In it, create a policy.rego file with the contents:

package policy

violation[{"msg": msg}] {
input.review.object.metadata.namespace == "default"
msg := "it is forbidden to use the default namespace"
}

In this case, the entrypoint is policy/violation, and due to how Rego works, the policy can have the following outcomes:

  • Return 1 violation: the object reviewed is targeting the default namespace.

  • Return 0 violations: the object reviewed is compliant with the policy.

Take a moment to compare this policy with the one written in the Open Policy Agent section. That one had to build the whole AdmissionReview response, and the inputs were slightly different. In the Gatekeeper mode, the AdmissionRequest object is provided with the input.review attribute. All attributes of the AdmissionRequest are readable along with object.

Now, you can create the requests to evaluate in the next section.

You first create a default-ns.json file with the following contents inside the data directory:

{
"apiVersion": "admission.k8s.io/v1",
"kind": "AdmissionReview",
"request": {
"uid": "1299d386-525b-4032-98ae-1949f69f9cfc",
"operation": "CREATE",
"object": {
"kind": "Pod",
"apiVersion": "v1",
"metadata": {
"name": "nginx",
"namespace": "default",
"uid": "04dc7a5e-e1f1-4e34-8d65-2c9337a43e64"
}
}
}
}

Now, create another AdmissionReview object that, this time, is targeting a namespace different to the default one. Name this file other-ns.json. It has the following contents:

{
"apiVersion": "admission.k8s.io/v1",
"kind": "AdmissionReview",
"request": {
"uid": "1299d386-525b-4032-98ae-1949f69f9cfc",
"operation": "CREATE",
"object": {
"kind": "Pod",
"apiVersion": "v1",
"metadata": {
"name": "nginx",
"namespace": "other",
"uid": "04dc7a5e-e1f1-4e34-8d65-2c9337a43e64"
}
}
}
}

You can see, this simulates another pod creation request, this time under a namespace called other.