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Version: 1.7

Verifying Kubewarden

Kubewarden artifacts are signed using Sigstore, with the keyless workflow. This means that the signing certificate contains the following info, where * matches any following characters:

  • issuer: https://token.actions.githubusercontent.com
  • subject: https://github.com/kubewarden/*
  • x509 certificate extension for GHA, "github_workflow_repository": kubewarden/*

Helm charts

You can find our Helm charts in our https:// traditional Helm repository under https://charts.kubewarden.io.

The same Helm charts are signed via Sigstore's keyless signing, and pushed to an OCI repository that can hold both the Helm chart and its signature as OCI artifacts.

Since Helm 3.8.0, Helm has support for OCI registries, but because of constraints in them, they can't be searched via helm. You can find the list of charts in GitHub Container Registry.

To verify a Helm chart, you need cosign installed. Then execute the following command, for example:

cosign verify ghrc.io/kubewarden/charts/kubewarden-defaults:1.5.4 \
--certificate-identity-regexp 'https://github.com/kubewarden/*' \
--certificate-oidc-issuer https://token.actions.githubusercontent.com

Verification for ghcr.io/kubewarden/charts/kubewarden-defaults:1.5.4 --
The following checks were performed on each of these signatures:
- The cosign claims were validated
- Existence of the claims in the transparency log was verified offline
- The code-signing certificate was verified using trusted certificate authority certificates

<snipped json>

You can then verify that the cert in the returned json contains the correct issuer, subject, and github_workflow_repository extensions.

Container images & policies referenced in the charts

Obtaining the lists

Both the production images used in our Helm charts and our development images (tagged :latest) are signed with Sigstore's keyless signing.

Kubewarden charts ship imagelist.txt and (policylist.txt when relevant) inside of the chart. Hence, if you already verified the chart, you can use those lists to verify the consumed container images and policies.

Kubewarden also follows the usual practices with regards to Helm charts. Hence, one can also find all the images in the Helm charts with a plugin such as helm-image, or with the following script:

#!/usr/bin/env bash
helm pull --untar kubewarden/kubewarden-controller && \
helm pull --untar kubewarden/kubewarden-defaults && \
{ helm template ./kubewarden-controller; helm template ./kubewarden-defaults } \
| yq '..|.image? | select(.)' \
| sort -u | sed 's/"//g'

which gives us:

ghcr.io/kubewarden/kubewarden-controller:v0.5.5
ghcr.io/kubewarden/policy-server:v0.3.1
ghcr.io/kubewarden/kubectl:v1.21.4

Verifying the lists

Now, for each image in that list you can verify their Sigstore signatures. E.g:

cosign verify ghcr.io/kubewarden/policy-server:v1.5.3 \
--certificate-identity-regexp 'https://github.com/kubewarden/*' \
--certificate-oidc-issuer https://token.actions.githubusercontent.com

Verification for ghcr.io/kubewarden/policy-server:v1.5.3 --
The following checks were performed on each of these signatures:
- The cosign claims were validated
- Existence of the claims in the transparency log was verified offline
- The code-signing certificate was verified using trusted certificate authority certificates

<snipped json>

You can then verify that the cert in the returned json contains the correct issuer, subject, and github_workflow_repository extensions.

kwctl

kwctl binaries are signed using Sigstore's blog signing.

When you download a kwctl release each zip file contains two files that can be used for verification: kwctl.sig and kwctl.pem.

In order to verify kwctl you need cosign installed, and then execute the following command:

cosign verify-blob \
--signature kwctl-linux-x86_64.sig \
--cert kwctl-linux-x86_64.pem kwctl-linux-x86_64
--certificate-identity-regexp 'https://github.com/kubewarden/*' \
--certificate-oidc-issuer https://token.actions.githubusercontent.com

Verified OK

You can then verify that the cert in the returned json contains the correct issuer, subject, and github_workflow_repository extensions.

Policies

Policies maintained by the Kubewarden team are also signed using the Sigstore project. Similar to usual container images, one can verify them using cosign:

cosign verify ghcr.io/kubewarden/policies/verify-image-signatures:v0.2.5 \
--certificate-identity-regexp 'https://github.com/kubewarden/*' \
--certificate-oidc-issuer https://token.actions.githubusercontent.com

Verification for ghcr.io/kubewarden/policies/verify-image-signatures:v0.2.5 --
The following checks were performed on each of these signatures:
- The cosign claims were validated
- Existence of the claims in the transparency log was verified offline
- The code-signing certificate was verified using trusted certificate authority certificates

<snipped json>

You can then verify that the cert in the returned json contains the correct issuer, subject, and github_workflow_repository extensions.