Skip to main content
Version: Next 🚧

Creating a new policy

You can create a sample policy that helps to understand the important concepts.

note

There is a kubewarden/opa-policy-template that you can use to port an existing policy.

Requirements

You'll write, compile and execute a policy in this section. You need these tools to complete this tutorial:

  • opa: you'll use the opa CLI to build your policy as a wasm target.

  • kwctl: you'll use kwctl to execute your built policy.

The policy

You're going to create a policy that evaluates any kind of namespaced resource. Its goal is to forbid the creation of any resource if the target namespace is default. Otherwise, the request is to accepted. Start by creating a folder called opa-policy.

Create a folder named data in the opa-policy folder. This folder has the recorded AdmissionReview objects from the Kubernetes API server. They're reduced for the sake of simplicity for the exercise, so you can focus on the bits that matter.

Create a default-ns.json file with the following contents inside the data directory:

{
"apiVersion": "admission.k8s.io/v1",
"kind": "AdmissionReview",
"request": {
"uid": "1299d386-525b-4032-98ae-1949f69f9cfc",
"operation": "CREATE",
"object": {
"kind": "Pod",
"apiVersion": "v1",
"metadata": {
"name": "nginx",
"namespace": "default",
"uid": "04dc7a5e-e1f1-4e34-8d65-2c9337a43e64"
}
}
}
}

This simulates a pod operation creation inside the default namespace. Now, create another request example in other-ns.json inside the data directory:

{
"apiVersion": "admission.k8s.io/v1",
"kind": "AdmissionReview",
"request": {
"uid": "1299d386-525b-4032-98ae-1949f69f9cfc",
"operation": "CREATE",
"object": {
"kind": "Pod",
"apiVersion": "v1",
"metadata": {
"name": "nginx",
"namespace": "other",
"uid": "04dc7a5e-e1f1-4e34-8d65-2c9337a43e64"
}
}
}
}

You can see this simulates another pod creation request, this time under a namespace called other.

Go back to your opa-policy folder and start writing your Rego policy.

In this folder, create a file named request.rego in the opa-policy folder. The name could be anything, but you'll use that for this exercise. This is a Rego file that has utility code regarding the request/response itself. In particular, it lets you simplify your policy code and reuse this common part across different policies.

The contents are:

package policy

import data.kubernetes.admission

main = {
"apiVersion": "admission.k8s.io/v1",
"kind": "AdmissionReview",
"response": response,
}

response = {
"uid": input.request.uid,
"allowed": false,
"status": {"message": reason},
} {
reason = concat(", ", admission.deny)
reason != ""
} else = {
"uid": input.request.uid,
"allowed": true,
} {
true
}

You have no need, at this point, to go, in detail, into the Rego code. You can learn about it at its website.

In this case, it returns either allowed: true or allowed: false. This depends on whether the other package , data.kubernetes.admission, has any deny statement that evaluates to true.

If any data.kubernetes.admission.deny evaluates to true, the response here evaluates to the first block. Otherwise, it evaluates to the second block, leading to acceptance. Because no deny block evaluated to true, this means the policy is accepting the request.

This is just the shell of the policy, the utility. Now, you create another file, called, for example, policy.rego inside our opa-policy folder with these contents:

package kubernetes.admission

deny[msg] {
input.request.object.metadata.namespace == "default"
msg := "it is forbidden to use the default namespace"
}

This is the important part of your policy. The deny statement evaluates to true if all statements within it evaluate to true. In this case, there is only one statement, checking if the namespace is default.

By Open Policy Agent design, input has the query-able object with the AdmissionReview object, so we can inspect it conveniently.

If everything went well, your tree should look like the following:

.
├── data
│   ├── default-ns.json
│   └── other-ns.json
├── policy.rego
└── request.rego

1 directory, 4 files